The Rise of Illiberal Democracy and the Remedies of Multi-Level Constitutionalism

This article begins with a brief overview of the characteristics of illiberal democracy proclaimed in Hungary and followed by Poland, the once “Musterkinder” of European integration and compliance with the EU values and law. In the second part we analyze the weaknesses of multi-level constitutionalism in addressing the Hungarian and Polish illiberal turn. The third part consists of a country-specific contextual analysis examining remedies to illiberal democracy in a normative focus.