Jean Monnet Center at NYU School of Law


Author: Fernando Gonzalez Rojas

Title: The Notion of Discrimination in Article 1102 of NAFTA

Abstract: It is clear that Article 1102 of NAFTA was not intended to prohibit all kinds of differential treatment between foreign and domestic investors. Therefore, what kind of discrimination does Article 1102 outlaw? Many would confidently answer: discrimination aimed at protectionism. However, if Article 1102 makes no reference to the Parties’ intent, how can the apparently ‘objective’ standards of “like circumstances” and “less favorable treatment” be used to identify the protectionist aim? Is the GATT Article III jurisprudence helpful in this task? How have the Chapter 11 panels sorted out this problem? These are some of the questions this paper will address.

Download: PDF * | RTF**

* The free viewer (Acrobat Reader) for PDF file is available at the Adobe Systems.

** rtf is a (more or less) universally readable format. Just download the file, which can be opened in most word processors.


Last updated on September 9th, 2004

This site is part of the Academy of European Law online, a joint partnership of the Jean Monnet Center at NYU School of Law and
of the Academy of European Law at the European University Institute.
Questions or comments about this site?